Online, anyone can be a victim, if they are not aware about scammers. They can come in different shapes and forms, using different stories - but the basic idea is the same. They will use anything they can to get your money. They will love you, they are ready to marry you, they are willing to share their fortune with you, they are ready to give you that unique chance to get a lot of money you always dreamed about. They are selling fake dreams - and you need to pay good money for that.
- You can not win a lottery you never played for. And 100% of all email lotteries are scams. You don't pay in advance for a loan or for a job.
- There are no millions to receive if you need to send few hundred dollars in advance.
- No genuine company will use free email accounts for business.
- Anyone you met online only asking for money - no matter what reason - is always a scammer.
For the scams happening in the real world, there are laws and authorities able to help a victim dealing with most of the cases, as long as the victim have reliable proof of being sucked in a fraud. Online it is a different world. Anyone can be anyone and you can never know for sure who is on the other side of the screen and why. The scammers are using fake identities, claiming to be in another place than they really are - and even if a victim can prove it was targeted by an online scammer, there are not a lot of things that can be done. In most of the cases, the victim is in one country, the scammer in another one and no police have jurisdiction abroad.
The online scams can be divided into two big groups: scams done for getting the victim's money and scams done to obtain the full control of the victim. In the first group are all types of advance fee fraud and derivatives of those. From the second group, the most common cases are catfishing, sextortion, and revenge porn.
Let's talk about different types of scams and how they work...